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He also believes the Lincolnshire town could have been where Sweyn's son, Canute, attempted to hold back the waves of the Aegir - a tidal bore, … While quiet prevailed throughout the interior, he turned his energies to foreign enterprises. Today, he is remembered as Cnut the Great with good reason. [18], 11th-century King of Denmark, England, and Norway, "King Sweyn" and "Sweyn of Norway" redirect here. Sweyn apparently recruited priests and bishops from England, in preference to the Archbishopric of Bremen. He went very quickly about East Anglia into the Humber's mouth, and so upward along the Trent till he came to Gainsborough. See more ideas about viking history, vikings, norse. In the mid-980s, Sweyn revolted against his father, Harald Bluetooth, and seized the throne. [13] but Lund (2001) argues that the main motivation for the raids was more likely the prospect of revenue. Scholars disagree about the various, too often contradictory, accounts of his life given in sources from this era of history, such as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Adam of Bremen's Deeds of the Bishops of Hamburg, and the Heimskringla, a 13th-century w… He was born around 960AD during the time that Scandinavian countries were at wars. Cnut and his sons, Harold Harefoot and Harthacnut, ruled England over a combined 26-year period (1016–1042). Note: Swietoslawa, perhaps identical to the legendary Sigrid the Haughty (b. His son was King Canute (Knut) "The Great". Harald introduced Christianity to Denmark and consolidated his rule over most of Jutland and Zealand. Sweyn Forkbeard. Cnut soon returned and became king of all England in 1016, following the deaths of Æthelred and his son Edmund Ironside; he succeeded his brother as King of Denmark in 1019 and eventually also ruled Norway, parts of Sweden, Pomerania, and Schleswig. Sweyn Haroldson (Forkbeard) Son of King Harold Gormsson, and father of Knut the Great. The mound itself was from c. 500 BCE, but Harald had it built higher over his father's grave, and added a second mound to the south. When Styrbjörn brought this fleet to Uppsala to claim the throne of Sweden, Harald broke his oath and fled with his Danes to avoid facing the Swedish army at the Battle of Fýrisvellir. England’s fate is sealed in 1013. According to Adam, Sweyn was sent into exile by his father's German friends and deposed in favour of king Eric the Victorious of Sweden, whom Adam wrote ruled Denmark until his death in 994 or 995. Sweyn also exhausted England in annual raids and was finally accepted as king of that country, but he died shortly thereafter. His wit, ferocity, ruthlessness and battle tactics kept everything under water-tight control. [9], The Curmsun Disc was found in Groß-Weckow, Pomerania and according to the inscription, Swedish archaeologist Sven Rosborn proposes that Harald may have been buried in the church there (after 1945 Wiejkowo), close to Jomsborg. [9] A painting and text about Forkbeard. There are conflicting records as to the identity of his mother. [25][26][27] The Bluetooth logo consists of a Younger futhark bindrune for his initials, H (ᚼ) and B (ᛒ). The altar itself dates to about 1200. (2001). [13] Harald himself converted to Catholicism after a peace agreement with the Holy Roman Emperor. Sweyn's reign was short, as he died in 1014, but his son Canute the Great soon According to Adam of Bremen, an 11th century historian, Harald's son Sweyn was baptised Otto, paying tribute to the German king Otto I who was Holy Roman Emperor. After James VI of Scotland inherited the English throne in 1603, Sweyn's descendants became monarchs of England again. [citation needed], He constructed the oldest known bridge in southern Scandinavia, the 5-metre (16 ft) wide and 760-metre (2,490 ft) long Ravning Bridge at Ravning meadows. Ring forts were built in five strategic locations with Aarhus perfectly in the middle: Trelleborg on Zealand, Borrering in eastern Zealand (the inner construction of this fort is still yet to be established), Nonnebakken on Funen, Fyrkat in Himmerland (northern Jutland) and Aggersborg near Limfjord. [2] Adam of Bremen identifies her as "Gunhild", but some modern day scholars give her name as Tove from Western Wendland. [10], The Hiddensee treasure, a large trove of gold objects, was found in 1873 on the German island of Hiddensee in the Baltic Sea. The most famous is fortifying the fortress of Aros (nowadays Aarhus) which was situated in a central position in his kingdom in the year 979. 26 The Sweyn Forkbeard Pub in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire (Source: Flickr / Brian). Following research in England, Denmark and Norway we created in … Sweyn Forkbeard, his wives and children. Most sources say that they adopted Christianity but allowed the people religious freedom, leading to a backlash against Christianity which undid much of Olaf Tryggvason's missionary work.[11]. Anders Winroth, Viking Sources in Translation, 2009. Sweyn Forkbeard was the eldest son of King Harald Bluetooth and his mother's identity has been a debate for the historians. Many details about Sweyn's life are contested. According to Adam of Bremen, an 11th-century historian, Harald's son Sweyn was baptised Otto, in tribute to the German king Otto I, who was the first Holy Roman Emperor. The rest of Norway was ruled by Eirik Hákonarson as King Svein's vassal. King Harald Bluetooth's conversion to Christianity is a contested bit of history, not least because medieval writers such as Widukind of Corvey and Adam of Bremen give conflicting accounts of how it came about. Sweyn then went west to Bath, where the western thanes submitted to him and gave hostages. Søre… AKA Svein Otto Haraldsson. According to Ashley (1998), Sweyn's invasion was partly motivated by the massacre of Danes in England ordered by Æthelred the Unready in 1002, in which his sister and brother-in-law are said to have been killed. Opes 21:55, 7 April 2006 (UTC) Have changed all the Sven/svend entries to Sweyn as this not only creates a consensus but also agrees with the name of the article! Sweyn’s son Cnut even makes him Jarl in 1017. Sweyn Forkbeard was and remains a powerful symbol of Scandinavia's transitional era at the turn of the Eleventh Century. According to the account of the Heimskringla, [citation needed]. Further raids took place in 1006–1007, and in 1009–1012 Thorkell the Tall led a Viking invasion into England. In 1013, he is reported to have personally led his forces in a full-scale invasion of England.[15]. Born about 960. In part, this reflected the fact that there were numerous Christian priests of Danish origin in the Danelaw, while Sweyn had few personal connections to Germany. He had reigned for less than a year. He is believed to have died in 986, although several accounts claim 985 as his year of death. Ethelred was re-called by the Witan, causing Sweyn's son, Canute to flee. The given name Haraldr (also Haralldr) is the equivalent of Old English Hereweald, Old High German Heriwald, from hari "army" and wald- "rule". Adam of Bremen depicted Sweyn as a rebellious pagan who persecuted Christians, betrayed his father and expelled German bishops from Scania and Zealand. [7], During his reign, Harald oversaw the reconstruction of the Jelling runic stones, and numerous other public works. Harald undoubtedly professed Christianity at that time and contributed to its growth, but with limited success in Denmark and Norway. Earl Uchtred and all Northumbria quickly bowed to him, as did all the people of the Kingdom of Lindsey, then the people of the Five Boroughs. "Harald Gormson, king of Danes, Scania, Jumne, [in] Bishopric of Aldinburg [de]". Sørensen (2001) argues that Adam's depiction of Sweyn may be overly negative, as seen through an "unsympathetic and intolerant eye". Æthelred was briefly succeeded by his son, Edmund Ironside, but he died after a few months and was replaced by Sweyn's son, Cnut. Sørensen, M.P. [3] However, there is some disagreement about who was Canute's mother. "[20], After his conversion, around the 960s, Harald had his father's body reburied in the church next to the now empty mound. [22] The biography of Harald Bluetooth is summed up by this runic inscription from the Jelling stones:.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}. When he understood that all the people had submitted to him, he bade that his force should be provisioned and horsed; he went south with the main part of the invasion force, while some of the invasion force, as well as the hostages, were with his son Cnut. seems sensible! Usually given as the son of Harald and Gunhild, though it is said in some of the older sagas that he was an illegitimate son. Historiographical sources on Sweyn's life include the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (where his name is rendered as Swegen),[5] Adam of Bremen's 12th-century Deeds of the Bishops of Hamburg, and Snorri Sturluson's 13th-century Heimskringla. [5] Clac Harald appears to be a confusion of Harald Bluetooth with the legendary or semi-legendary Harald Klak, son of Halfdan. 1016), perhaps married firstly with Eric the Victorious, King of Sweden and later wife of Sweyn Forkbeard, King of Denmark by whom she is said to have been mother of … Haakon. Harald II, his other son, succeeded him as King of Denmark. Sweyn had eight children with Sigrid the Haughty and Gunhild of Wenden: King Sweyn Forkbeard is played by Ernest Graves in the 1970 film The Ceremony of Innocence. [10] According to Adam, Sweyn was punished by God for leading the uprising which led to king Harald's death, and had to spend fourteen years abroad (i.e. Sweyn's elder son, Harald II, succeeded him as King of Denmark, while his younger son, Cnut, was proclaimed King of England by the people of the Danelaw. He came to the help of Richard the Fearless of Normandy in 945 and 963, while his son conquered Samland, and after the assassination of King Harald Greycloak of Norway, managed to force the people of that country into temporary subjugation to himself. King Æthelred sent his sons Edward and Alfred to Normandy, and himself retreated to the Isle of Wight, and then followed them into exile. The victors divided Norway among them. Svein (or Swein) Haraldsson, known as … All five fortresses had similar designs: "perfectly circular with gates opening to the four corners of the earth, and a courtyard divided into four areas which held large houses set in a square pattern. However, he returned as king for two years after Sweyn's death in 1014. "Religions Old and New". It suggested that Sweyn was seeking to pre-empt any diminution of his independence, by German leaders. In 986 A.D. Sweyn Forkbeard, who was known for his navigational expertise, revolted against his father, King Bluetooth, and eventually became his successor. Sweyn Forkbeard was the 1st Viking King of England in the year 1013. He was the father of King Harald II of Denmark, King Cnut the Great and Queen Estrid Svendsdatter.. Harald Bluetooth had already established a foothold in Norway, controlling Viken in c. 970. Not only did he defeat Edmund Ironside, he also inherited the kingdom of Denmark and conquered Norway. [2], In the mid-980s, Sweyn revolted against his father and seized the throne. But the Londoners put up a strong resistance, because King Æthelred and Thorkell the Tall, a Viking leader who had defected to Æthelred, personally held their ground against him in London itself. …short-lived, however, and his son Sweyn I (Forkbeard) was forced to rewin the country. Genealogy for Sweyn "Forkbeard" Haraldsson, King of Denmark and England (960 - 1014) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Harold was a son of Godwin (c. 1001 –1053), the powerful earl of Wessex, and of Gytha Thorkelsdóttir, whose brother Ulf the Earl was married to Estrid Svendsdatter (c. 1015/1016), the daughter of King Sweyn Forkbeard (died 1014) and sister of King Cnut the Great of England and Denmark. Duration, is uncertain England again against his father, Harald oversaw the reconstruction the! 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