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John B. Taylor is the George P. Shultz Senior Fellow in Economics at the Hoover Institution and the Mary and Robert Raymond Professor of Economics at Stanford University. Still Allende tried to “transition” (his term) Chile into a Marxist-Leninist economic, social, and political system. Have commentators described and evaluated them with equal accuracy and fairness over the decades? High-quality Pinochet men's t-shirts designed and sold by independent artists around the world. Range of styles in up to 16 colors. ... state capitalism toward more market-oriented structures and policies—was not Deng Xiaoping’s China or Margaret Thatcher’s Britain in the late 1970s, Ronald Reagan’s United States in 1981, or any other country in Latin America or elsewhere. Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. During her time as Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher openly called a terrorist a "true friend", invited a terrorist into her home for tea, and personally lobbied against a terrorist's prosecution for war crimes. Friend of Reagan and Thatcher. Chile’s democracy after 1990 has been vigorous and stable. In 1998, Baltasar Garzón, a Spanish judge, demanded the extradition of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet from the United Kingdom, where he had traveled to receive medical treatment. Pinochet, by contrast, had friends in high places. These facts are important and widely recounted. Very little has been said about Thatcher's dealings with General Pinochet, apartheid South Africa, the Khmer Rouge, the House of Saud and Saddam … In their eyes, the Labour leader is a terrorist sympathiser. Pinochet’s 1973 coup was supported by Allende’s presidential predecessor and by an overwhelming majority of the Chilean people. But its main elements have not changed, and thus far no post-1990 government has proposed or seriously considered going back to either of the two previous, failed models, namely, state capitalism (1938–70) or state socialism (1970–73). The most concerning thing Thatcher and Reagan did related to de-regulation in the financial services sector. Whatever his views, Corbyn has never wielded the levers of power in government, and has never done more than put forward ideas. This distinction is fundamental in comparative political analysis. Margaret Thatcher – 1999 Statement on General Pinochet January 9, 2016 admin 1999 , Margaret Thatcher , Speeches Below is the text of the statement made in the House of Lords by Baroness Margaret Thatcher on 6 July 1999. “Thatcher and Reagan are idols of many Brazilians and current politicians,” she said. Thatcher death cake Her legacy has a rhetorical aspect as well, one other reason I hesitate to commute the vitriol. Peter Kornbluh - author of The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability ... Margaret Thatcher Foundation, . The charges against Corbyn, regardless of their merit, cannot exist in a political vacuum of good versus evil though. Authoritarian regimes have mentalities more than ideologies, low levels of political participation, and limited pluralism and competition of policies and political actors (including the press), with some constraints on regime control and manipulation of the polity, society, economy, family, religion, culture, and the press. Start your Independent Premium subscription today. So far they've linked him with the IRA, Hamas and Hezbollah. Thus by July 1973, if not earlier, Chile was looking at an incipient civil war. Thatcher was a steadfast defender of Augusto Pinochet, ... alongside Ronald Reagan, to back sanctions against the Apartheid regime in … Murdering gangster. Many on the left had long believed that capitalism and democracy were incompatible. Cuba and the United States were actively involved on opposite sides, but the main players were always Chilean. Chile’s former president, General Augusto Pinochet, died in December. But Lady Thatcher also has a more personal reason to remember Pinochet fondly – the fact that he provided stalwart support for Britain in the Falklands conflict of 1982. Ayaan Hirsi Ali presents startling statistics, criminal cases and personal testimony. Poverty levels, as high as 50 percent in 1984, were reduced to 34 percent by 1989. The economy minister, Paulo Guedes, trained in free market fundamentals at the Chicago School of Economics – the seedbed for Reagan and Thatcher’s economic policies – and worked at the University of Chile during Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship in the 1980s. Thatcher not only publicly supported Pinochet, writing letters to the editor and issuing public statements; she even went to visit him after he was served with a warrant from Spain. We should be doing is analysing the success of their decisions, and what their actions helped achieve. At that time the Chilean economic model was considered anathema almost everywhere—partly because of its association with Chile’s military regime but also because it was viewed (wrongly, as it turned out) as an unthinkable, reactionary model per se, especially for developing countries. The most concerning thing Thatcher and Reagan did related to de-regulation in the financial services sector. Pinochet’s government has been justly condemned for engaging in some terrorist activities abroad, from Argentina to the United States. ONLINE ONLY: Thatcher, Reagan and the Dictators. In a brazen demonstration of its contempt for majority wishes, and for the institutions of what it called “bourgeois democracy,” the pro-Allende newspaper Puro Chile reported the results of the March 1973 legislative elections with this headline: “The People, 43%. "Wars begin when aggressive powers believe that their targets are weaker, or give the false impression that they ar…, editorial of December 12 that bore the headline “A dictator’s double standard: Augusto Pinochet tortured and murdered. Margaret Thatcher funeral: At Parliament Square, so often a scene of protest, the only sound to be heard is clicking cameras Jerome Taylor Wednesday 17 April 2013 16:45 reported the results of the March 1973 legislative elections with this headline: “The People, 43%. Totalitarian systems—once in place and short of external military conquest and occupation—are much harder to change than authoritarian ones. 14th January 1982: British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, with husband Denis (1915 - 2003) and children Mark and Carol. The historian James Whelan caught its tragic essence when he wrote that Chile’s was a “cannibalistic democracy, consuming itself.” Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chile’s president from 1964 to 1970, who helped to bring in Salvador Allende as his successor, later called the latter’s presidency “this carnival of madness.” Freedoms increasingly overwhelmed responsibilities. By now, the economic policies of most countries of Latin America; North America; Western, Central, and Eastern Europe; China; India; Russia and its former republics; much of Africa; and many other places around the world have followed the Chilean lead rather than fled from it. Thatcher was a steadfast defender of Augusto Pinochet, ... alongside Ronald Reagan, to back sanctions against the Apartheid regime in … The claim is that he introduced a neoliberal model, that is, raw, savage capitalism of the kind attributed to Chile in the nineteenth century. A number of other important truths about the Pinochet period and its legacy are equally well documented but less well known. 3rd June 1975: British conservative politician, Margaret Thatcher, with William Whitelaw and Peter Kirk, at a referendum conference on Europe. Major state expenditures for direct action social programs targeted to the poorest of the poor were initiated in the middle 1980s, not after 1990. What once looked like a reactionary economic model is now the standard in much of the world. As the tributes flood in for Margaret Thatcher, the epoch-defining former British Prime Minister, one narrative remains cast in bronze.In the U.S., in particular, she’s lionized as the Iron Lady who stood with President Ronald Reagan, stared down the Soviet Union and helped usher in a new era of global liberty.Thatcher was a paragon of the West, a latter-day Churchill, a … The initiative is in partnership with Brazil’s foreign office, which has swung to the right under Bolsonaro, forming close ties with conservative leaders such Donald Trump and Victor Orbán. Although they never met in power, Thatcher was impressed by the success of Chile’s neoliberal economic program and Pinochet’s bloody stance against communism in Latin America. As reported by Hector Schamis in the Journal of Democracy (October 2006), Chile’s current foreign minister, Alejandro Foxley, recognized early in the first post-Pinochet democratic government that “the constitutional rules left by Pinochet had ‘somewhat ironically fostered a more democratic system,’ for they forced major actors into compromise rather than confrontation and, by ‘avoiding populism,’ increased ‘economic governability.’”. Some of his legacies are well known, but others are not. The facts are otherwise. Margaret Thatcher celebrates on election night in 1987. 40 Years Ago, This Chilean Exile Warned Us About the Shock Doctrine. Indeed, they are often not acknowledged at all. 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